Ceremonies

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church discipline health Mass monasticism objects Office persons pontifical sacerdotal Sacraments yearly cycle X
Label Latin keywords Short description
Agatha Agathae Blessings performed on the feast of St Agatha (February 5) in Spain, e.g. water, bread and fruit, prayer for protection against fire.
Ash Wednesday cineris, cinerum, cineres, caput, capite ieiunii, capite Quadragesimae, feria quarta Extraordinary rites (beyond the Mass and the Office Hours of the day) in connection with Ash Wednesday: blessing of ashes, distribution of ashes, dismissal of penitents or a simplified version of the ceremony.
Assumption Day Assumptione, Assumptionis, beatae, Mariae, Virginis Blessings performed on Assumption Day (August 15), especially that of herbs and fruits, peculiar to Germany, Denmark, Poland, Bohemia and Hungary (cf. herbs).
Blasius Blasii Rites of blessing for the feast of St Blaise: fruit, bread, salt, wine, seeds, wax, for the health of animals or against illnesses of the throat (in Spain), blessing of apples against illnesses of the throat (in Hungary).
Candlemas Purificatio*, candela*, cere*, Hypapanti, Transfixio The blessing of candles and procession on the feast of Candlemas (February 2).
Christmas Eve nocte, galli cantu, Nativitat*, initium, finito nono responsorio, Iudicii signum, Sybill* Extraordinary rites (beyond the Mass and the Office Hours of the day) in connection with Christmas Eve. According to Matthew, the first Mass of the feast was customarily celebrated during the night at the end of Matins and before the Genealogy, while Lauds was sung between the Communion and the Postcommunion, without chapter, hymn and versicle. This collocation followed different arrangements in each Use and special liturgical items were often included.
Corpus Christi (in festo) (sanctissimi) Corporis Christi, Sacramenti A procession on the feast of Corpus Christi, sometimes including a solemn reading of the beginning of the four Gospels at four stations.
Easter Sunday Paschae, Pascha, paschali, paschalis, paschalium, Resurrectionis, Resurrectione, agni, carnium, visitatio* sepulcri, Quem quaeritis Easter Sunday procession, extraordinary supplements at the end of Matins, Easter play, Baptismal Vespers, blessings of food (cf. the label "victuals", and especially "lamb").
|- Baptismal Vespers Kyrie eleison, ad fontem, ad crucem, ad vesperas Special Vespers celebrated during the Octave of Easter, from Sunday to Friday when Vespers were divided: following the first three psalms, Gradual, Alleluia (Sequence) and the Magnificat, a procession was led to the Baptistery (ad fontes). After observing a thanksgiving station the procession returned to its place of origin while singing the last two psalms, sometimes standing in front of a Cross (ad crucem). Processional Alleluias, antiphons and responsories completed the chanted material. Instances of such are generally not separately indexed within Easter Sunday.
Epiphany Epiphaniae, Theophaniae, stellae Extraordinary rites (beyond the Mass and the Office Hours of the day) in connection with Epiphany, e.g. Epiphany play, proclamation of Easter and other movable feasts, the blessing of water, insertions towards the end of Matins and the Genealogy of Luke.
Good Friday Parasceve, Parasceves, Parasceven, Popule meus, feria sexta, feriae sextae, salutatio* Crucis, adoratio Crucis, Veneris Good Friday liturgy, adoration of the cross, placing the Eucharist in the holy sepulchre, Tenebrae (Night Office on Good Friday).
Holy Saturday cerei, cerei paschalis, cereum, Sabbato Sancto, fontis, fontium, fontes, fontem, vigilia Paschae, ignis, ignem Rites of the Easter Vigil, i.e. the blessing of fire and of the Paschal Candle (Exsultet), procession to the baptismal font, the blessing of baptismal water, often Baptism and Confirmation (not labelled separately) and the following Mass. Occasionally, the blessing of frankincense or of food.
Maundy Thursday feria quinta, Cena Domini, Cenae, feriae quintae, die Iovis Sancta The extraordinary rites of Maundy Thursday, i.e. night Office (Tenebrae), reconciliation of penitents, Chrism Mass, evening Mass of Maundy Thursday with integrated Vespers, the washing of feet (Mandatum), the stripping and washing of the altar, procession to the holy sepulchre. In monastic or canonical sources a supper may be included. The short desciptions and keywords of these ceremonies are found separately.
|- Chrism Mass chrisma, chrismatis, chrismalis, ipso die sonentur campanae ad missam, consecrationes oleorum, consecrationem olei infirmorum, consecratio olei Chrism Mass on Maundy Thursday, celebrated by the bishop. It contained the blessing of the oil of the sick, of the catechumens and the chrism between the end of the Canon and the Communion. Rites pertaining to the solemn reception of the sacred oils at a parish church are indicated with the same label.
|- reconciliation of penitents reconciliatio penitentium, reconciliatione, die absolutionis/reconciliationis, reconciliand* paenitente*, paenitent* Penitentiary (reconciliatory) rite on Maundy Thursday in which the bishop ceremonially receives the penitents back into the church.
|- stripping/washing of altars exspoliare altaria, altaria abluenda, denudetur altare, denudent altaria, nudata altaria laventur, lavantur altaria, lavent altaria, "Diviserunt sibi" The stripping and washing of altars on Maundy Thursday (currently not separately indexed in the majority of sources, please cf. Maundy Thursday).
|- washing of feet (ad) mandatum, mandato, mandati, pedum, pedes The rite of the washing of feet on Maundy Thursday (Mandatum).
|- Tenebrae Zelus domus tuae, Feria quinta, In Cena Domini, in/de nocte, officium, ad matutinum/matutinas Special night Offices (Matins and Lauds) or their regulations during the Sacred Triduum.
Palm Sunday Ramis Palmarum, Ramispalmarum, palmas, ramos, ramis, ramorum, palmarum, florum, frondium, olivae, arborum, Dominica in Palmis, die Palmarum, Palmis, Dominica Indulgentiae The extraordinary rites of Palm Sunday before the introit of the daily Mass (Domine ne longe facias). Although very different in each Use, they consist of the following modules: (1) blessing of palm or olive branches, flowers etc. and their distribution, (2) procession, (3) station with gestures of adoration, (4) solemn entry into the city, the church or its precinct.
Paschal prayers ad vesperas, ad fontem/fontes, ad crucem, in reversione, revert* A set of at most three additional orations from Easter Sunday to the Friday of its octave. They were originally recited at the stations of the baptismal procession (cf. Baptismal Vespers) but survived separately in Missals after the postcommunions of each day.
Rogation Days Litania* Maior*, Litani*, Rogationum, Rogationibus, Marci Minor rogations (litanies) on the Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday before the Ascension, major rogations (litanies) on the feast of St Mark the Evangelist (April 25). Processions are held on these days with litanies, supplicatory and expiatory prayers. Usual Mass Propers are not indexed here, only those of the processional rites. For the blessing of wheat on St Mark's day cf. agriculture.
Vigil of Whitsun vigilia Pentecostes, sabbato (sancto) Pentecostes Extraordinary rites on the Vigil of Pentecost with prophecies, a procession and the blessing of the baptismal font (reflecting those of the Vigil of Easter).