Ceremonies

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Label Latin keywords Short description
Mass ordinary ordo missae, accessus altaris, acced*, ascend*, ad altare, sacerdos indutus, Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Pater noster The ordinary prayers of the Holy Mass, or parts of them, in Rituals often in a Nuptial Mass with the Proper of the feast of Holy Trinity, in Pontificals in the context of the Chrism Mass on Maundy Thursday. The Canon of the Mass is also listed under this label.
|- Canon of the Mass Te igitur, canon, iunctis manibus, inclinet se Canon (Canon Missae, Canon Actionis) is traditionally used in the Roman Missal as the name for the fundamental part of the Mass (after the Offertory and before the Communion). The term Canon (kanon) means a norm or rule; and is used in various contexts, the website uses it exclusively for the consecratory, specifically sacerdotal prayer within the Eucharistic Liturgy.
|- Prefaces praefatio Being less variable than the Mass Propers but more changing than the Mass ordinary, Prefaces often form a separate chapter before the Canon of the Mass. In the classical period of the Roman rite, there were 11 such items, usually provided with musical notations for both ferial and solemn tones. Prefaces which are parts of a set of Propers are not indexed here.
|- preparation and vesting for Mass (sacerdos) praeparat se, praeparare, praeparatio*, celebrare missam, celebratione, celebraturus est, celebrationem missam, celebrandam/-dum missam, abbas pontificalia induit, speculum sacerdotum/celebrantis, The preparatory and vesting prayers of the priest before celebrating Holy Mass. In pre-Tridentine sources, no strict separation of these preparatory prayers and the beginning of the Mass ordinary can be found.
|- thanksgiving after Mass gratiarum actio, oratio(nes) post missam, post celebrationem, finita missa, recessu(s) altaris, Placeat, Trium puerorum The concluding devotional prayers of the priest after receiving Holy Communion and celebrating Holy Mass (during adoration or while leaving the altar or unvesting). In pre-Tridentine sources, no strict separation between thanksgiving and the closing items of the Mass ordinary can be found.
Mass Propers missa The series of variable orations (oratio, collecta, secreta/superoblata, postcommunio/complenda), chants (introitus, graduale, Alleluia, tractus, sequentia, offertorium, communio), and readings (prophetia, lectio/epistola, evangelium) of the Mass. In Mass books (Missals, Sacramentaries, Graduals, Mass Lectionaries) Propers form the bulk of the book's content. In Pontificals or Rituals, Mass Propers feature as the setting for a votive Mass or something alike, but at times they contain a complete Missal or an entire section from the Missal.
|- Benedictional incipiunt benedictiones Epsicopal triple blessing with the conclusion "Quod ipse praestare dignetur" etc., normally a longer series for the feasts of the liturgical year.
|- Sequentional sequentia, sequentiae, sequentionale, sequentionarium, prosa, prosae, prosarium, in Adventu, in Nativitate A collection of Mass Sequences (hymnical genre sung between the Alleluia and Gospel), either as part of a liturgical book (Missal) or as a separate volume. All separate sequences are indexed here, even if these do not form a complete Sequentional, however sequences found within the set of each Mass Proper are not indexed.
|- Temporal Masses incipit, proprium de tempore, dominical*, dominica prima, Adventus/Adventu Domini Mass Propers within the liturgical year that are linked either to special seasons of the liturgical year (Advent, Christmastide, Epiphanytide, Septuagesima, Lent, Eastertide etc.) or to specific days of the week, contrary to Sanctoral Masses that are linked to months and dates.
|- Dedication Mass Dedication*, ecclesiae, templi, altaris, anniversario, Terribilis Mass Propers for the dedication of churches and altars or the anniversary of such an event. Dedication Mass is labelled separately because it can be found in different contexts: at the end of the Temporal, in the Votive part etc. It is generally not indexed as the concluding element of the dedication rites.
|- Sanctoral Masses de sanctis, proprium sanctorum, sanctorale, incipit, vigilia sancti Andreae, Stephan* protomartyr*, in natali, natale, festo Mass Propers within the liturgical calendar that can be linked to specific months and dates of the year, not only the feasts of saints. However, the days from the Vigil of Christmas to the octave of Epiphany are traditionally included in the Temporal part. The placement of the saints in-between (from St Stephen Protomartyr to Hilarius of Poitiers) is unsteady.
|- Commune Masses commune sanctorum, commune apostolorum, vigilia unius apostoli The sections of service books that contain the common part of the Mass Propers, i.e. the items which can be applied to different feasts according to the type or character of the venerated saint. The traditional parts of the Commune are that of the apostles, martyrs, confessors and virgins but these can be divided (one or more), detailed (e.g. evangelists, bishops, abbots), and supplemented (e.g. widows, holy women).
|- Votive Masses missae votivae, communes, generales, speciales, familiares, aliquae, pro, contra, in honore, missa devota, sancti Gregorii, memori*, commemoratio* Holy Masses outside of the cycle of the liturgical year, offered for a votum, that is, a special intention, or, for instance, in honour of some mystery of the faith, the Blessed Virgin, or other saints. A votive Mass usually does not correspond to the Divine Office appointed for the day on which it is celebrated. Some Votive Masses were steadily incorporated into the Temporal, e.g. De lancea at clavis Domini, De angelo custode.